I ran across this list of common medicinal plants—some of which grow as “weeds” in my own yard. Even though we’re in the middle of winter, it got me thinking…
What’s the benefit in knowing about these? Well, they’re free, organic, all-natural and most double as a great food source, too.
Modern medicine can be amazing and life-changing (I just had LASIK surgery—definitely life-changing!)…but there’s a negative side, too.
Complications and side-effects of synthetic drugs are well-known. Some are almost as bad as the diseases they treat.
Here are a few plants that have been used to treat ailments and injuries for centuries. These all grow prolifically in North America. Several are growing wild in my own yard and we haven’t been able to kill them!
As it turns out, that’s a good thing.
Not only would it be be handy to know these plants for economic and health reasons at home…being able to identify and use them when out and about camping, hiking and paddling could prove very helpful someday.
Let’s take a look at a handful of common medicinal plants…
The bane of every immaculate-lawn-loving home owner! The common dandelion isn’tt just completely edible, but is known to help digestion along and help your body absorb nutrients.
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, dandelions are full of Vitamins A, B, C and D, iron, potassium and zinc. It’s been used in native cultures around the world for ailments of the liver, gall bladder, kidneys and skin.
It’s certainly a reliable source of organic and nutritious salad fixings (assuming you don’t use chemical fertilizers on your lawn, of course!).
Not to be confused with fried bananas, broadleaf plantain leaves have been used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial dressing for wounds, bites and stings. The leaves can also be steeped into a tea and drank to ease inflammation, help with digestion and even control blood sugar.
In fact, many native cultures around the world seem to have used this plant—both roots and leaves—to cure or relieve many an ailment. While not native to North America, it’s been naturalized here for centuries.
I admit this one surprised me! My first encounter with one of these tall “weeds” was when I (foolishly but ignorantly) tried to pull it out of the ground bare-handed. Not a good idea! It was several hours before my hand was feeling somewhat normal again.
Penn State Hersey Medical Center describes stinging nettle as having been used for hundreds of years to treat: muscle and joint pain, eczema, arthritis, gout, urinary tract infections, hay fever, insect bites, and many more common ailments.
Cone Flower (Echinacea)
The cone flower is known as an immune system booster. Many people have heard of Echinacea supplements, but don’t know the Echinacea plant is the beautiful cone flower—one of my personal favorites for the garden.
Here’s something interesting:
“In Germany (where herbs are regulated by the government), the above-ground parts of Echinacea purpurea are approved to treat colds, upper respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, and slow-healing wounds. The root of the Echinacea pallida plant is also approved for the treatment of flu-like infections.” (source)
The roots and leaves of this common wild plant are used as a digestive aid. The root in particular is valued by cultures other than ours as a root veggie. It’s very high in fiber, which explains its digestive benefits
Burdock can be used to help control blood pressure and diabetes, boost the immune system and help clear up your skin.
These are just five of many hundreds of plants that people have been using for generations for better health and to treat all kinds of physical ailments.
A neat project—especially with your kids, grandkids or friends—would be to learn about some of the medicinal plants in your area, then take a few field trips to find them. You can look in your own yard or in some local natural areas.
Learn which parts of which plants are used for which ailments. And then you can either use them for that, or at the very least, eat them for dinner!
(All photos from the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Public domain except where noted.)
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Sharon is the founder and administrator of Active Outdoor Women. She loves getting outside in beautiful places to hike, paddle, camp, snowshoe, ski, ride—and encouraging others to come along! Besides maintaining AOW and her other blog, Twin Cities Outdoors, Sharon writes and designs websites, newsletters, blogs, emails and other marketing tools for clients.